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Many Christian and Jewish communities suffered at this time, and even if they didn’t, simply knowing that somewhere Christians were being killed just for being Christian would have been sufficient to produce fear and doubt.
It’s likely, though, that Mark was written in an environment where Roman rule was a constant presence.
Wikipedia asserts that most scholars believe Mark’s Gospel to have been written in the second half of the first century by an unknown Christian who took the name “Mark” to boost his authority. It works like this: in the Gospel Jesus foretells the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem. In other words, it was more of a prediction than a prophecy. 67, then the gospel of Luke is even earlier because it was written before Acts.
The scholars read Jesus’ prediction of the Temple being destroyed and assume that the author had knowledge of the destruction of the Temple, which took place in A. However, you don’t even have to be the Son of God to accurately predict the future.
In a cave sealed in 68 CE was a piece of a text which is claimed to be an early version of Mark, thus allowing Mark to be dated before the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem.
This fragment, though, is just one inch long and one inch wide.
Some lean more towards later in the war, some earlier.
There are many clear signs that Mark has gone to great lengths to absolve Romans of the responsibility for Jesus’ death — even to the point of painting Pontius Pilate as a weak, indecisive leader rather than the brutal tyrant that everyone knew him to be.
Instead of the Romans, Mark’s author lays the blame with the Jews — primarily the leaders, but also to the rest of the people to a certain degree.
It’s quite plausible that people in even the most distant provinces could have become used to using Roman terms for soldiers, money, and measurement.
The inference that Mark’s community was suffering persecution is also sometimes used to argue for a Roman origin, but the connection isn’t necessary.
Wherefore Mark made no mistake in thus writing some things as he remembered them.