Dating port harcourt
The word is likely an alteration of the Tuareg name egerew Further north, the cities Kano and Katsina have a recorded history dating to around 999 AD.
Hausa kingdoms and the Kanem-Bornu Empire prospered as trade posts between North and West Africa.
For centuries, various peoples in modern-day Nigeria traded overland with traders from North Africa.
Cities in the area became regional centres in a broad network of trade routes that spanned western, central and northern Africa.
The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms.
Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.
In the 16th century, Spanish and Portuguese explorers were the first Europeans to begin significant, direct trade with peoples of modern-day Nigeria, at the port they named Lagos and in Calabar.
Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.
The Kingdom of Nri of the Igbo people consolidated in the 10th century and continued until it lost its sovereignty to the British in 1911.
Nri was ruled by the Eze Nri, and the city of Nri is considered to be the foundation of Igbo culture.
Oyo, at its territorial zenith in the late 17th to early 18th centuries, extended its influence from western Nigeria to modern-day Togo.
The Edo's Benin Empire is located in southwestern Nigeria.
The port of Calabar on the historical Bight of Biafra (now commonly referred to as the Bight of Bonny) become one of the largest slave trading posts in West Africa in the era of the transatlantic slave trade.